Stephan Bax argues that, "Our aim should be to attain a state of `normalisation' in which the technology is invisible and truly integrated"
I read the article of "CALL—past, present and future ".it talked about the history of CALL and what it has been and where and the phases of CALL that Warschauer discussed. also,a critical examination and reassessment of the history of CALL.Stephan Bax suggested many steps to "attain a state of normalization in which the technology is invisible and truly integrated.
CALL will be normalized when computers are used every day by language students and teachers as an integral part of every lesson, like a pen or a book. CALL will be normalised when computers are treated as always
secondary to learning itself, when the needs of learners will be carefully analysed first
of all, and then the computer used to serve those needs.Finally, he mentioned the 7 stages of normalization in CALL from early adaptors, ignorance/scepticism, try once,try again, fear/awe, normalising, until we finally reach normalization
About how these changes and means could be applied to our Saudi context.I think it will not be easy process but we will do and if we compare the education system in saudi arabia between now and before ten years, we will find alot of changes. To occur these changes we should follow these steps.first of all ,there should be an organized plan that we should follow to reach normalization.secendly, the important tools should be available in the schools,and the teachers should be trained to use these tools and teach students how to use it.Teachers and students will take along time to be familiar with this new system but when they used to,they will find it easy.finally,I hope to see my country from the advanced centers in the developed countries in all fields, especially the education.